Signs of the presence of parasites in the body and methods of treatment

Dry statistics indicate that half of the world's population carries parasitic worms. Currently, scientists have more than 200 species. A person lives for many years, not paying attention to symptoms and not knowing there are unwanted “guests”. But more often the reverse occurs: an organism, weakened by the presence of parasites, becomes an easy "catch" for various types of diseases, up to oncology. Some of the worms are removed with medication, but there are also some that can only be removed with surgery.

Varieties of parasites and methods of infection

For a successful fight, you must know the enemy by sight. What are the parasites in the human body and where exactly should you look for them?

  1. roundwormsare the most common group. These include pinworms, roundworms, toxocara, whipworms, scrapes. They live in the digestive system of humans. The infection occurs when consuming unwashed vegetables, fruits and green vegetables. At the same time, you need to wash all the products, even those from your own garden. There is also a risk of catching helminths from eating salted fish, bacon, and poorly fried meat. Those at risk are those who have pets - cats and dogs. Some parasites do not multiply in animals, but animals are their active vectors.
  2. Tape- pork and cattle tapeworms, echinococcus, broad tapeworm. These are the largest representatives of worms - tapeworm, for example, reaches 25 m in length. They have the unique ability to nourish the whole body. In addition, they can travel throughout the human body, including the brain and spinal cord. Worms of this class are infected by eating undercooked meat and fish - a sick individual can be the source of a tasty dish. Products that have passed strict veterinary control should be purchased.
  3. Subcutaneous- dirofilaria, filamentous nematode, rishta. They multiply in the subcutaneous tissue of the host. The most widespread parasites of this type are found in tropical countries - India, Iraq, Africa. The infection is spread by blood-sucking insects - mosquitoes, flies, bedbugs. Its main symptom is a small formation, which, when pressed on it, moves.
  4. Trematodes (fluke)- fasciole (liver fluke), schistosome, fascilopsis. They live in the liver, bile ducts, pancreas, intestines. Infection is caused by half-cooked, poorly salted, or undercooked fish. Drinking unboiled water also contributes to the acquisition of parasites.
  5. Tissue- trypanosomes, Finns live in the brain and spinal cord, sarcosporidia - in striated muscles and microsporidia - in connective tissue. This class lives in various tissues of the body. Basically, carriers are wild and domestic animals and birds - horses, sheep, pigs, chickens, ducks, dogs, cats. Thanks to undercooked meat, parasites enter the human body.

Symptoms of infection

It is not always realistic to easily determine that there are "guests" in the body. An infected person is able to ignore its presence for several years. Very often the signs of the presence of parasites are very similar to the symptoms of certain diseases. There is a whole list of signals the body gives when in danger:

  1. anemia - too much protozoa causes a lot of blood loss, which is the cause of iron deficiency;
  2. nausea, abdominal pain - worms irritate and damage the walls of internal organs, as a result of which sores, microcracks and inflammation are formed;
  3. alternating constipation and diarrhea - the first symptom occurs due to the large number or excessive size of parasites in the body, which contributes to the blockage of the intestinal lumen. The onset of diarrhea is caused by special substances secreted by protozoa which can destroy chlorides and sodium;
  4. Flatulence
  5. (increased gas production) and bloating are the result of inflammation of the digestive tract damaged by worms. Due to this, the absorption of fats in the small intestine does not occur, which immediately enter the large intestine;
  6. Bruxism (teeth grinding) is a clear sign of infection. This is how the nervous system reacts to a certain stimulus;
  7. skin problems - peeling, acne, boils, eczema, papillomas, warts, changes in the structure of hair and nails, allergic manifestations. These symptoms are due to the fact that the protozoa secrete many toxins that the liver cannot withstand upon elimination. As a result, they all accumulate inside a person. The body tries to get rid of this dirt in any way, including removing it through the skin;
  8. a sharp decrease or increase in weight - "thanks" to the absorption of nutrients by worms, the human body experiences a lack of them, which leads to a decrease in weight; weight gain is due to a drop in blood sugar, which increases the feeling of hunger, which the patient must constantly satisfy;
  9. Joint and muscle pain is caused by the movement of parasites through the body and their implantation in muscles and joint fluid. This symptom speaks of an inflammation of the tissues;
  10. deterioration of immunity, which causes permanent illnesses that are difficult to diagnose. The reason for this is the struggle of the human immune system against worms. With this symptom, the amount of immunoglobulin decreases, and the body becomes powerless against attacks from viruses and infections;
  11. Frequent cough, profuse production of sputum, runny nose, fever occur due to the fact that during the migration process, the worms enter the respiratory tract. Parasites in the body can cause the development of asthma and pneumonia;
  12. increased fatigue, nervousness and irritability are caused by the fact that the worms consume the nutrients that a person needs, which the body does not receive - magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron;
  13. when infected with pinworms, severe itching in the anus is added to the listed symptoms of the presence of parasites. This is due to the fact that female pinworms crawl to lay their eggs at night, which sometimes causes an intolerable burning sensation.

Consult a doctor

If at least 3-4 of the above symptoms are detected in a person, you should see a doctor as soon as possible and undergo treatment.

In this case, contact the following specialists:

  • ;
  • helminthologist;
  • specialist in infectious diseases;
  • pediatrician;
  • Therapist
  • .

The specialist will certainly give a referral for tests and, based on their results, will select the optimal therapy. Depending on the symptoms and treatment should be appropriate. Research alone is unlikely to provide a definitive answer on the presence or absence of parasites. Tests for certain types of worms are carried out 7-8 times.

Another important nuance:if the infection is confirmed, then all family members are treated and protected from parasites. Most protozoa spread quickly in everyday life: through dishes, household items.

The reason for going to the doctor is:

  • recent return from a trip abroad, in particular from African or Asian countries;
  • the presence of various impurities in the stool - mucus, blood;
  • sudden weight loss;
  • itching of the anus;
  • prolonged diarrhea or alternating constipation with diarrhea;
  • frequent colds or other illnesses.

There are a number of symptoms that accompany helminthiasis. Few people realize that ordinary fatigue can be a consequence of helminthic invasions. A baby infected with parasites immediately begins to lose his appetite, and he does not even want to eat his favorite dishes, he wants to eat sweets. There are pain and cramps in the abdomen, nausea (especially in the morning), diarrhea. Often a child becomes moody, irritable, his sleep is disturbed, grinding of teeth can be observed in a dream (although today scientists argue whether the grinding is a sign of helminthiasis), emptying ofbladder, cough (without signs of a cold). Worms cause a delay in physical and mental development in children, with helminthiasis, puberty occurs later, memory and thinking disorders are observed.

Lovers of dried and semi-raw meat, unprocessed minced meat and fresh fish are at risk. This also includes preschool and elementary-age children, animal owners, employees of veterinary clinics, and those who, in the course of professional or other activities, often work with the land. For example, summer residents.

To avoid infection with parasitic worms, you must follow certain rules:

  • wash their hands more often, especially for children and adults after contact with animals;
  • kill domestic insects - flies, mosquitoes, cockroaches;
  • Wash vegetables and fruit thoroughly, preferably with lukewarm boiled water.

Drug treatment

A wide range of pharmaceutical products are available for the control of parasites. Those who want to achieve a good result in the fight against an internal enemy must know against whom the war is going. This is only discovered after seeing a doctor and taking tests.

Of course, there are drugs that can successfully cure several types of worms at once. However, they kill not only parasites, but also useful microflora of people. After taking them, a course of restorative therapy is carried out.

Under no circumstances should you heal yourself. All antiglustants are synthetic drugs that can have toxic effects on the liver, blood cells and the immune system. For this reason, do not use them without the need and advice of a doctor. For prevention, it is better to use folk recipes to treat worms in humans.

Folk remedies

Even in the absence of symptoms of parasites, prophylaxis is given every six months or a year. It has long been known that worms do not tolerate fragrant herbs and plants: onions, garlic, tansy, wormwood. The oldest known remedy for helminths is pumpkin seeds. It is enough to buy a package of this product in any pharmacy or store, peel carefully (but not to remove the green shell) and eat.

There are many popular ways to get rid of helminths. Here are the simplest:

  1. in spring and summer they eat several leaves of sorrel on an empty stomach;
  2. in winter it is very good to take baths with the addition of anise infusion. This substance easily enters the body through the pores of the skin. And since it has a pungent odor, pests cannot tolerate it;
  3. a remedy that everyone can afford, even pregnant and breastfeeding women - pumpkin seeds;
  4. two hundred ml pour 2 tbsp. l. oak bark. Insist on a closed thermos - so that the water is better saturated with phytoncides;
  5. an art. l. tansy flowers are poured with a glass of boiling water, then insisted under the lid for 4 hours. After that, filter and drink 1 tbsp. l. 4 times a day half an hour before meals;
  6. mix 150 ml of alcohol and 1 tbsp. l. mugwort. The mixture is infused for 2 weeks, after which 20 drops are taken 3 times a day 30 minutes before meals.

You don't have to be shy and let the helminth infection problem run its course. If you go to a specialist when the first signs of a disease appear and undergo treatment, you can prevent many diseases. After removing the parasites, the basic rules of hygiene are observed - and the worms will never appear in the body again. After all, it is easier to prevent a disease than to cure it for a long time and painfully.