What does it mean when it comes to parasites in the human body? In medicine, parasites are called various pathogenic micro and macroorganisms which are like parasites inside or outside their host, receiving good nutrition from it.
These parasites include a large family of pathogens of infectious, somatic and parasitic diseases of humans: helminths (worms), viruses, fungi, insects, bacteria, protozoa, rickettsiae and others.
Human parasitic diseases are caused by arthropods, helminths, multicellular parasites and protozoa - plasmodia, lamblia, trichomonas and toxoplasms.
The mechanism of transmission of pathogens of parasitic diseases
Parasites from the external environment enter the human body in different ways. For example, helminths enter the digestive tract through dirty hands, greens, vegetables, berries and underwashed fruits. After the introduction of some or other parasites into the body, a person begins to suffer from ascariasis, toxocariasis, enterobiosis, echinococcosis, alveococcosis. In the environment, larvae and eggs of parasites can often be found in water or soil contaminated with feces.
At low temperatures or drying, the pests do not die, they retain their viability for many years. Young children are infected through contact with infected toys, laundry, sand sand. The highest risk of contracting parasitic diseases is observed in those who prefer to taste everything.
And also among the category of people who do not respect personal and industrial hygiene. Pork, as well as bovine tapeworm (tapeworms and teniarinhoses) enter the digestive tract through the mouth with meat products that have not been sufficiently heat treated. Fish that have not been sufficiently heat treated or lightly salted can become infected with fluke larvae (the causative agent of opisthorchiasis) and broad tapeworm. The same goes for fish eggs.
In some countries with hot and humid climates, certain parasites (filaria and dirofilaria) are transmitted by the bites of midges, ticks, mosquitoes and fleas. In medicine, there is such a name - reinvasion. It is a condition of re-infection with parasites from people who have a habit of biting their nails. Medical statistics claim that everyone on earth at least once in their life suffers from a parasitic invasion, mainly by the age of 14.
Parasites in the human body - symptoms of diseases
Today, medicine has data on 250 types of helminths that parasitize a person's skin, digestive system, and internal tissues and organs. While in the intestines, they cause sharp pain of varying intensity, discomfort in the abdominal cavity; on this basis, the patient experiences nausea, vomiting, frequent insufficiently formed stools or constipation.
Helminths provoke the development of diabetes mellitus, arthritis, eye disease, cholecystitis, cystitis, hepatitis, urethritis, pancreatitis, myocarditis, pneumonia(pneumonia). It makes no sense now to describe the symptoms of all the diseases listed above, the description of which is available on the corresponding pages of the site.
Parasites, receiving food from their host, cause deficiency of iron, protein, potassium, amino acids, manganese, vitamins and many other useful microelements in its body. Against this background, patients complain of general weakness, severe fatigue, headaches. Even with good nutrition, these patients lose weight. But sometimes obesity occurs with metabolic disorders that occur with some helminthiasis: bovine tapeworm and broad tapeworm.
Dull, brittle nails and hair. Continued poor health coupled with a lack of B vitamins can lead to anxiety, nervousness, and unexplained irritability in adults. And in children, behavioral adequacy is noted. Pathogens parasitizing the liver cause poor sleep with frequent awakenings in the morning. Patients have impaired memory, they poorly assimilate educational materials, communication with others is somewhat difficult.
Pork tapeworm cysticercus penetrates brain tissue, contributing to the onset of seizures of the epileptic type. There are also violations of speech and vision, movement and sensitivity, delirium and hallucinations, loss of consciousness. The abundance of severe symptoms often leads doctors to suspect that brain tumors are forming.
Patients complain of interruptions (arrhythmia) in the work of the heart, palpitations, itching of the skin with rashes on its surface. The presence of parasite larvae in the lungs causes the development of obstructive bronchitis and even bronchial asthma. The bronchial tree is often affected by larvae of roundworm and toxocara, cysticercus, or pork tapeworm eggs.
Less often, the parasites infect the inner layers of the skin, causing discomfort in the form of crawling and swarming, scabies. All types of pathogens of parasitic diseases are able to actively suppress the protective properties of the host organism. The mechanism of the pathology consists in the production of antienzymes by parasites which prevent the digestion of food.
On this basis appear intestinal infections, acute respiratory diseases, poisoning and colds, there is a real risk of developing oncological pathologies. A clinical blood test shows signs of anemia (anemia), eosinophilia, folate, protein, vitamin B12, and iron deficiency.
With various helminthiasis, the symptoms listed above and a few others are observed. It all depends on the location of the parasites. Eye diseases are possible: uveitis, conjunctivitis, damage to the lens and retina, or even total loss of vision.
Diagnosis of parasites in the human body
Before prescribing treatment, the attending physician carefully examines the patient to clarify the diagnosis of the disease. In this it will be helped by bacteriological examination of feces, in which helminth eggs are found; in the conjunctival sac, tapeworm larvae of the pig are often isolated. Long-standing adult roundworms several tens of centimeters in length fly out of the rectum with active physical exertion or exertion.
Eggs and larvae of all kinds of parasites are found by examining feces under a microscope. However, it is often difficult to identify the causative agents of the disease. They may not be visible in the feces. A biochemical blood test shows the presence of class G immunoglobulins and the state of immunity, which decreases when the parasites are affected. But this cannot serve as an indicator of the type of pathogen.
Therefore, the search result may remain positive for several years. Of course, the presence in the body of a large accumulation of parasites leads to a significant decrease in immunity, a decrease in the titre of immunoglobulins or their total absence. Class M immunoglobulin is found in the acute period of invasion, but within a short period of time. The presence of this immunoglobulin reliably indicates the presence of parasites in the body.
How to get rid of parasites in the body
The doctor prescribes treatment mainly for patients who show obvious signs of infection with parasites: the use of unwashed vegetables and / or fruits, herbs, poorly processed slices, contact withanimals, sucking their fingers and biting their nails. In each case, the doctor individually prescribes complex treatment, since improper treatment often leads to serious complications.
For example, taking pork tapeworm medication can lead to fragmentation of the pathogen and its parts to spread to various organs and the consequences thereof.
Special preparations allow you to get rid of the simplest parasites. The treatment regimen is developed individually, taking into account the type of pathogen, possible side effects and the age of the patient. Usually two or more cycles of conservative therapy are performed at three week intervals. Probiotics actively help to fight against the parasites that have invaded the body, they normalize the active microflora. Natural fermented dairy products - fermented baked milk, kefir, and the like - also help. The decomposition products of parasites (toxins) are effectively removed from the body by a group of enterosorbents.
If a patient develops rashes and allergic reactions, antihistamines are added to the main treatment.
Folk remedies for parasites in the human body
Traditional medicine has many remedies and prescriptions for parasites. Our ancestors, not having modern medicines, managed to reproduce helminths with garlic, onions, pumpkin seeds, pumpkin oil, red pepper, ginger, mustard, horseradish, bitter wormwood, cloves, black and Manchu nuts, avran, tansy, pomegranate rind, chanterelles (mushrooms), carrots and strawberries.
Calendula, Saussurea, blackcurrant leaves, pedets, sauerkraut pickle, caraway and dill seeds, strawberries, birch leaves help get rid of the simplest pests.
Recipes of traditional medicine for parasites
- Recipe n ° 1.Chop a medium-sized onion, pour a glass of boiling water into a thermos and let stand 12 hours, then filter. Drink all of the contents on an empty stomach the next morning.
- Recipe n ° 2.Mix 100 g of crushed pumpkin seeds with 100 g of sugar. Take orally in the morning before breakfast for 3 tbsp. spoons of the mixture and immediately drink 3 tbsp. spoons of castor oil.
- Recipe number 3.Pour a glass of boiling water over 2 tbsp. tablespoons of dry crushed wormwood leaves, leave for three hours, strain. Treat for 10 days in a row, taking 3 teaspoons in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Prescription # 4.It is used in patients with sensitive stomachs. Insist 6 hours in 2 tbsp. tablespoons of chamomile and sea buckthorn bark in a glass of boiling water. Filter and drink the whole infusion in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Recipe n ° 5. Mix 1 tbsp. medicinal oak bark, buckthorn, tansy and chamomile. Insist on the mixture for 6 hours in half a liter of boiling water. Filter and drink 100 ml in the morning before breakfast. Treatment in any case is long - from 40 to 90 days. Despite the fact that the effectiveness of herbal products is lower than that of pharmaceutical preparations, they improve the functioning of the liver and gastrointestinal tract, the general condition of the patient and do not allow re-infection. Choleretic herbs remove parasites from the gallbladder and ducts.
- Recipe # 6.Used for reproduction of protozoa. 1 tbsp. l. Pour the chopped brine with a glass of boiling water, let infuse for 3 hours and filter. 1 tbsp. l. 3 r / d before a meal in 30 to 40 minutes.
- Recipe n ° 7.Also from protozoa. The composition includes equal parts of crushed herbs of peppermint and cinquefoil, elecampane root and sandy everlasting flowers. We insist for 3 hours (2 tablespoons of the mixture in 500 ml of boiling water). ⅓ cup three times a day for a month before meals for 1 hour.
If there is no complete cure, repeat the treatment.